. Ganesha Chaturthi or Ganesha Festival is a day on which, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees.
Ganesh Chaturthi in 2022
Ganesh Chaturthi, the great Ganesha festival, also known as 'Vinayak Chaturthi' or 'Vinayaka Chavithi' is celebrated by Hindus around the world as the birthday of Lord Ganesha. Ganesha Chaturthi or Ganesha Festival is a day on which, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees.
The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Bhaadrapada, starting on the shukla chaturthi (fourth day of the waxing moon period). This festival is observed in the lunar month of bhadrapada shukla paksha chathurthi madhyahana vyapini purvaviddha. If Chaturthi prevails on both days, the first day should be observed. Even if chaturthi prevails for the complete duration of madhyahana on the second day, if it prevails on the previous day's madhyahana period even for one ghatika (24 minutes), the previous day should be observed. The date usually falls between 20 August and 15 September. An annual festival honours Ganesha for ten days, starting on Ganesh Chaturthi, which typically falls in late August or early September. The festival culminates on the day of 'Ananta Chaturdashi', when images (murtis) of Ganesha are immersed in the most convenient body of water.
The festival of Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and many other parts of India. In 1893, Lokmanya Tilak transformed this annual Ganesha festival from private family celebrations into a grand public event. He did so "to bridge the gap between the Brahmins and the non-Brahmins and find an appropriate context in which to build a new grassroots unity between them" in his nationalistic strivings against the British in Maharashtra. Because of Ganesha's wide appeal as "the god for Everyman", Tilak chose him as a rallying point for Indian protest against British rule. Tilak was the first to install large public images of Ganesha in pavilions, and he established the practice of submerging all the public images on the tenth day.
puja vidhi or rituals
The day begins with a holy bath and worship of Lord Ganesha. The devotees then observe a day-long fast and consume only fruits and milk. Devotees can eat satvik food like sabudana khichadi, potato, and peanuts during the fast. Devotees also perform dhyana for Lord Ganesha and seek blessings from him. They break their fast after the moon sighting.
-Those observing a fast need to wake up early in the morning, take a bath and wear clean/new clothes. -While getting ready for the puja, devotees need to align their thoughts in a positive manner to observe the vrat sincerely. -Offer water to the rising sun before beginning the fast. -During the day, one can consume only milk, fresh fruits and few vrat recipes after performing puja. -While observing the fast, strictly avoid eating garlic, onion and meat. Intake of tobacco or alcohol is also prohibited. -Do not forget to read the Vrat Katha and end the puja by performing a special aarti. temples
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