Victoria and Albert Museum

Victoria and Albert Museum by name the V&A, British Museum that hosts what is commonly considered

Victoria and Albert Museum

Victoria and Albert Museum by name the V&A, British Museum that hosts what is commonly considered to be the most important collection of decorative arts. It is situated in South Kensington, London, close to The Science Museum and the Natural History Museum.

The beginning of museum was established in 1852 which was the year that the British government set up the Museum of Manufacturers in Marlborough House, St. James. The museum was primarily the collection of art and decorative objects that were displayed in the Crystal Palace which was the venue for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The exhibits were later moved into the South Kensington Museum and redisplayed in 1857, as part of a plan by the government to enhance the taste and understanding of those who were interested in British manufacturing. The collection quickly outgrew its space and plans for an additional museum were put forward. The museum was named The Victoria and Albert Museum in 1899 after Queen Victoria laid the foundation stone for the current structure, which was built by the architect Sir Aston Webb. The structure was opened in 1909. The museum's buildings have been renovated and extended with the addition of adjacent structures. In addition, the Victoria and Albert Museum is also responsible party to run The Museum of Childhood, in Bethnal Green, a district within the Borough in Tower Hamlets. There was also the Wellington Museum, in Apsley House situated in the southeastern portion of Hyde Park, and the Theatre Museum, near Covent Garden, Westminster, were parts of the Victoria and Albert Museum until the mid-2000s. The care and maintenance of Apsley House were turned over to English Heritage in 2004, the Theatre Museum shut down in 2007, and a portion of collections moved into South Kensington. In the meantime, V&A Dundee, an outpost of the museum that focuses on Scottish design, was opened in Scotland in the year 2018.

The Victoria and Albert Museum houses huge tables of European sculpture ceramics (including porcelain and various pottery) jewelry, furniture, metalwork, and textiles from the early medieval times through to the present. It contains an extensive collection of the Jones gift of French furniture as well as porcelain and other artifacts; the Schreiber collection comprising English porcelain, enamelwork, and glass as well as The Currie collection, with exquisite Italian and French armor and arms; and the 18th-century German porcelain, which is one of the Murray collection. There are strong collections of Indian art that received their first push through the purchase of material taken from the East India Co.'s museum following the museum was closed in 1858. These East Asian artworks include remarkable Chinese ceramics, jade, and sculptures from the Eumorfopoulos collection. Museum also houses the nation's collection of British miniatures, watercolors drawings, and prints including an exceptional collection of work by John Constable. Its Italian Renaissance and Baroque sculptures are among the finest outside of Italy. In 2014, the V&A introduced a new program of rapid response collecting, which was a method of collecting where the museum quickly acquired artifacts from major events in the past. The collection includes the pussycat, an embroidered pink hat that was worn by the participants of the 2017 Women's March, and an Xbox adaptive controller, which was released in 2018 to enhance gamers' accessibility. The museum also includes its own National Art Library.

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