The Bom Jesus Basilica, perhaps Goa's most famous church and among the most revered by Christians worldwide, is partially in ruins but still a model of simplicity and elegance, and a fine example of Jesuit architecture.
This is the only church in Old Goa, which is not plastered on the outside, the lime plaster having been stripped off by a zealous Portuguese conservationist in 1950.
Construction work on the church began in 1594. The church was consecrated in May 1605 by the archbishop, Dom Fr. Aleixo de Menezes. This world heritage monument has emerged as a landmark in the history of Christianity. It contains the body of St. Francis Xavier, a very close friend of St. Ignatius Loyola with whom he founded the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits). Francis Xavier died on Sancian Island while en route to continental China on (December 3, 1552).
This is one of the oldest churches in Goa and in India. The floor is of marble inlaid with precious stones. Apart from the elaborate gilded altars, the interior of the church is simple. The main altar holds a large statue of St. Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), and one of Francis Xavier's companions whose words drew him to a reformed life. "What does it profit a man," Ignatius had asked Francis, "if he gains the whole world and loses his soul?"
Best Time On sunday .
opening and closing time
Sunday – 10.30 AM to 6.30 PM,
Entry Fee: No entry fee
This magnificent edifice stands as a superb example of Baroque architecture in Goa. The church is called "Bom Jesus" meaning 'good Jesus' or 'infant Jesus' to whom it is dedicated. The façade has on it, at the top, the letters, "HIS" which are the first three letters of Jesus in Greek.
The imposing facade built out of black granite in an exquisite combination of the Doric, Corinthian and composite styles, is remarkable for its simplicity. It measures 183 ft in length,55 ft in breath, and 61 ft in height. The main altar is 54 ft high and 30 ft broad. The pillars and detail are carved from basalt which was brought from Bassein, some 300 kms away. The interior of the church is built in Mosaico-Corinthian style and is remarkable for its charming simplicity.
The three-storeyed facade of the Church shows Ionic, Doric and Corinthian Orders, and has a main entrance flanked by two smaller ones, each having Corinthian columns supporting a pediment. There are two chapels, a main altar and a sacristy besides a choir inside the Church itself. There is a belfry is at the back.
The main altar at the end of the nave is flanked by two decorated altars in the transept, one dedicated to Our Lady of Hope and the other to St. Michael. The richly gilded main altar has the figure of infant Jesus and above it is a large statue of St. Ignatius Loyola, founder of the order of Jesuits, gazing with fervour at a medallion on which is inscribed "HIS". Above the medallion, the Holy trinity - the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost are depicted. In the transept on the northern side is the Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament.
Near By Attraction
1.Tomb of St. Francis Xavier
3. Se Cathedral
4. Museum of Christian Art
5.St Monica Church
It is located around 10 kms from Panjim in Old Goa. You can hire a taxi from Panjim to reach here in around 20 minutes. The nearest airport is at Dabolim, which is 30 km from Panaji. There are number of buses that constantly ply to Old Goa from Panaji.
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Interesting facts about Baga Beach
1 India has some of the best and oldest religious centres in the world. Christianity in India is believed to have introduced in South-West India, and we are proud of some of the churches that are world famous for its stunning architecture and other aspects.
2 Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa is one such impressive church that has its mark in the history of Christianity in India, and also is a Christian monument revered across the globe. Let us have a look at some of the interesting facts of the church that make it stand out among its counterparts.3 The church was built using Baroque architectural style, which was the most popular style of architecture in the sixties. This is a heavily adorned and ornamental form of architecture, making the church a visual treat. The floor of the church is laid with marble and the interiors are done with precious stones and other ornamental works.