Cellular Jail National Memorial, Port Blair,(India)
Cellular Jail in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India, stands as a dark reminiscence of the British rule in the Indian subcontinent. This most dreaded and gruelling colonial prison situated in the remote archipelago was used by the British particularly to exile Indian political prisoners. Isolated from the mainland, this jail, also referred as Kala Pani (where Kala means death or time and Pani means water in Sanskrit) witnessed the most atrocious punishments imposed on prisoners. India’s struggle for independence saw imminent freedom fighters like Batukeshwar Dutt and Veer Savarkar being incarcerated in this jail. The jail is now open to public viewing as a National Memorial, and its museum gives one a glimpse of years of India’s struggle for freedom.
Although the Andaman Islands were used by the British as a prison soon after the Indian Rebellion of 1857 (the Sepoy Mutiny), the foundation of this jail was laid in 1896. The result of what was considered India's First War of Independence however went in favour of the British who suppressed the revolt executing many rebels and transferring the rest to Andaman for lifetime exile. The rebels in hundreds were sent to the island where they remained under the custody of jailer David Barry and military doctor Major James Pattison Walker. 238 prisoners who tried to escape the jail in March 1868 were caught in April of whom 87 were hanged. More and more patriots who raised voice against the colonial rule were convicted and deported here from British-controlled India and Burma. The prisoners dreaded the waters of Andamans and being isolated from the mainland there were no way out for them to escape. The island became an apt place for the British to punish the freedom fighters. The prisoners were chained and made to work in constructing buildings, prisons and harbour facilities in pursuit of colonising Andaman for the British. With the upsurge of Indian independence movement in the late 19th century, several prisoners were sent to Andaman that necessitated for a higher security prison. Sir Charles James Lyall, home secretary in the governance of the British Raj and A. S. Lethbridge, a surgeon in the British administration suggested introduction of a “penal stage” in the transportation sentence given to a prisoner so that the prisoner face harsh treatment for a certain period after deportation to the Andamans. This led to construction of the Cellular Jail, work of which commenced in 1896 and finished in 1906.
The best time to visit the Jamia Masjid is in the early morning when the Fajar prayers are held, enveloping the mosque with a tranquil feel.
opening and closing time
Monday to Sunday,9:00 am - 1:00 pm, 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Entry Fee: no
The museum at the Cellular jail closes at 1700 hours. The visitors are advised to plan their trip accordingly to thoroughly enjoy their time. The light and sound show takes place after the sun has set in the jail campus. For the viewers benefit, the show is played in both English and Hindi languages.
Near By Attraction
1.Fisheries Aquarium, Port Blair 2. Rajiv Gandhi Water Sports Complex, Port Blair 3. Anthropological Museum, Port Blair 4.Mini Zoo, Port Blair 5 Forest Museum, Port Blair
A distance between nehru garden to srinagar is 37 min (13.2 km) via NH1
Application Availability Which Saves Some Money
Zomato, Swiggy(best service for delicious food) Uber,Ola(best service available for cab upto 24/7 hours)
Interesting facts about Cellular Jail
The numbers of ticket for the light show are limited in quantity. It is better to just get them booked earlier by your travel agent so that there are no last-minute hassles. travel light in cotton clothes. There are sufficient food junctions to cater to your needs, so you need not carry eatables along with you for the trip.