Dal Lake, situated in the northeast of Srinagar (the capital of Jammu and Kashmir) in Kashmir valley (584 m above MSL), is one of the most beautiful lakes in India and the second largest lake in Jammu and Kashmir. The lake is probably of fluvial origin, formed from the oxbows of river Jhelum. Around 1200 AD, the lake spread over an area of 75 km2. At present, it covers about 21.1 km2 and has a maximum depth of 5.4 m and a shoreline of 15.4 km. Of the total area, only about 11.4 km2 is open water and the rest is under floating gardens most of which have now settled permanently. The lake has a large mountainous catchment spread over 316 km2.
The Dal lake has four main interconnected basins namely, Hazratbal, Bod Dal, Gagribal and Nagin. More than 90% of the water enters the lakes from its catchment through a perennial inflow channel, the Telbal Nallah which enters the Hazratbal basin on its northeast side. Hazratbal basin receives water also from Doubkoul, Harishkoul, and Boutkoul. Many springs rising from the lake bed contribute the remaining 10% water. The lake water drains out into a tributary of the River Jhelum through Nallah Amir Khan towards its southwest. Water also flows out of the Dal through a weir and lock system at Dal gate. Parallel to this exit is a stone-lined canal, which connects the lake with the tributary. This channel is used for the movement of boats in and out of the lake and prevents inundation of floating gardens during high floods. The lake receives a large quantity of sediments and nutrients with the runoff from its catchment through Telbal Bota Khul. Sewage from the settlements around the lake and the large population (estimated 50,000) living on hamlets within the lake on floating islands and houseboats enters the lake without treatment. About 111 tons of Phosphorus and 380 tons of nitrogen are estimated to flow into the lake from point sources and 4.5 tons of P and 18.1 tons of N from non-point sources.
Best Time To Visit Dal Lake. May to November is the best time to visit Dal Lake as the climate is pleasant.
opening and closing time
6:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.
Visit Duration:1 to 2 hours
ENTRY FEE -No Entry Fee
The shoreline of the lake, is about 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi), is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era gardens, parks, houseboats and hotels. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from the shoreline Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and from houseboats cruising along the lake in the colourful shikaras. During the winter season, the temperature sometimes reaches −11 °C (12 °F), freezing the lake.
Distance between Srinagar Railway Station and Dal Lake is 24 kms or 14.9 miles or 13 nautical miles.
Application Availability Which Save Some Money
Zomato ,Swiggy(best service for delicious food)
Uber,Ola(best service available for cab upto 24/7 hours)
Interesting facts about Dal Lake
The lake is popular as a visitor attraction and a summer resort. Fisheries and the harvesting of food and fodder plants are also important on Dal. Weeds from the lake are extracted and converted into compost for the gardens. It also serves as a flood lung of the Jhelum River. Swimming, boating, snow skiing (particularly when the lake is frozen during the severe winter), and canoeing are amongst some of the water sports activities practised on the lake.
The lake has numerous sites and places of interest, many of which are important to the cultural heritage of Srinagar. Aside from the Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh, some of the other places frequented by tourists are the Shankaracharya temple, the Hari Parbat, the Nagin Lake, the Chashme Shahi, the Hazratbal Shrine, and the Mazar-e-Shura cemetery containing the graves of famous Mughal-era poets. Visitors and native alike also enjoy relaxing on the water in a houseboat or a shikara boat, often called "the Gondola of Kashmir".