The tenth day of the Navaratri festival is known as Dussehra. It's devoted to celebrating the defeat of the demon king Ravan by Lord Rama in the holy Hindu text The Ramayana.Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashmi, is a major Indian festival celebrated on the tenth day of Ashvin month according to the Hindu calendar. This day falls in the month of September or October. The day culminates a 9 day fasting period of Navratri in the Hindu culture. The day also coincides with immersion of the idol of Goddess Durga. The day is celebrated to commemorate the killing of Ravana by Lord Rama. The day also celebrates the killing of demon Mahishasur by Goddess Durga. Dussehra celebration spreads the message of the victory of good over sin.In India peoples make a Ramlila
History of Dussehra
It is believed that the celebration of Dussehra started in the 17th century, when the king of Mysore ordered the celebration of the day on a grand scale. Ever since, the day is celebrated with great fervor and energy. There are a lot of mythological tales associated with the day. According to Ramayana,Ravana was killed by Lord Rama on this day as revenge against the cruel act of kidnapping Goddess Sita by the former. Mythology also has it that Goddess Durga killed demon Mahishasura after a long spell of cruelty and oppression by Mahishasura. Another story associated with the origins of this day is the raining of gold coins. After Kautsa asked King Raghu for 140 million coins to give an offering to his Guru in return for his knowledge, Raghuraja went to Indra for help who then asked Lord Kuber to rain coins on the city of Ayodhya. After giving 140 million coins to his Guru, Kautsa distributed the rest to the people of Ayodhya.
Where is Dussehra Celebrated?
Dussehra is predominantly a northern Indian festival. Delhi and Varanasi are popular places to witness the celebrations.The biggest Ravan effigy in India (and the world) can usually be found in the small town of Barara, approximately 80 kilometers south of Chandigarh. It's 215 feet tall this year! However, lack of space has forced the relocation of the effigy and venue to Shalimar Ground, Sector 5, Panchkula on the eastern outskirts of Chandigarh. The effigy will be on display for five days there before being burned.Elsewhere in India, noteworthy Dussehra festivities take place in the Kullu Valley of Himachal Pradesh, Mysore in Karnataka, Kota in Rajasthan, Bastar in Chhatisgarh, and Almora in Uttarakhand. See the Top Places to Celebrate Dussehra in India.In West Bengal, Navaratri and Dussehra are celebrated as Durga Puja.Dussehra is one of the most vibrant times to visit Dadar Flower Market in Mumbai, as people buy golden marigolds for traditional decoration and worship.
How is Dussehra or Vijayadashmi Celebrated?
Dussehra is one of the most widely celebrated festivals across the country. As mentioned earlier, several regions have their own local take on the festival. In North and some parts of South India , the festival is tied to the epic battle between Lord Rama and the ten-headed Ravana. Ravana had abducted Rama's wife Sita and taken him to his kingdom in Sri Lanka. Lord Rama with his army of monkeys traveled to Lanka and defeated the mighty Ravana and his allies in son Meghnad and brother Kumbhakarna in his home. Enormous effigies of Ravana, are burnt along with that of his brothers Meghanada and Kumbakaran in the northern and southern part of the country as part of Dussehra celebrations.Other very major celebration that coincides with Dussehra is that of Durga Puja.
Vijay Dashmi marks the end of the festivities and revelry. According to legends, Goddess Durga was entrusted with the task of defeated buffalo demon Mahishasura. Mahishasura's demonic activities had disrupted the daily livelihoods of many on earth. The ten-armed goddess defeated Mahishasura in an epic battle that ran for days. Durga Puja is no less than a carnival for Bengalis.
Different Ways Dussehra Celebrated In India Few Are-
Kolkata Durga Pujo
What do we eat on Dussehra in India's of different part some are-
Bengal, Tripura and Orissa – Mutton kosha
Gujarat – Jalebi and Fafda
Karnataka and Tamil Nadu – Pattani Sundal
Delhi Food Stalls
Mumbai – Pural Poli
The Ramlila celebration
Each village has its traditional place in the Ramlila circuit. It is normal to see Bazaars and village fairs put together alongside the theatre performances, providing an additional attraction for visitors from other areas to make the trip with the whole family. The most dramatic aspect of the celebration is the final day when the gigantic effigies of the ten-headed Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna and his sister Shurpanakha are made out of combustible materials like wood and straw, and loaded with crackers and sparklers within. Actors dressed as Rama, Lakshmana and Hanuman shoot arrows tipped with fire at the effigies to set them on fire. Towering flames and the eventual Collapse with the crackers bursting out get the resounding cheers from the thousands who assembled to watch.
What Rituals are Performed?
Ravan is depicted as having 10 heads and 20 limbs. He is often thought of as symbolizing the negative or evil emotions that exist in humans. Each of his 10 heads relates to an aspect that must be conquered: lust (kama vasana), anger (krodha), delusion (moha), greed (lobha), pride (mada), jealousy (mascara), selfishness (swarthy), hatred (Burma), cruelty (amanavta), and ego (ahamkara).