Eid-al-Fitr is also called as the Eid-ul-Fitr, Idul-Fitr or Ramzan Id which indicates the end of Ramadan month means the month of fasting. This is the most religious and holy festival for the people belongs to the Muslim religion during which they break their fast (Fitr means to break).
What is Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-al-Fitr (Ramzan EId)
Eid-ul-Fitr festival has been declared as the gazetted holiday all over the India which gets celebrated on the end of Ramadan month indicating the 1st day of Islamic month of Shawwal. It is the festival of breaking fast at the end of the Ramadan month (also known as the “Islam’s month of fasting” means a month of fasting and prayer). They celebrate this festival as the first Eid of the year whereas Eid al-Adha is the second Eid. Eid ul Fitr is celebrated all over the world at the end of holy Ramadan as well as the 1st day of Shawwal month. A special prayer is offered during this celebration called Salat or Islamic prayer in an open field or any large hall. They continue their fast in the faith of God till the last day of the Ramadan month during which they pay “Zakat and fitra” before Eid prayers.
WHEN EID-UL-FITR FALLS
According to the Islamic calendar and some Astronomical considerations, Eid-ul-Fitr festival traditionally falls during the sunset after the first sight of the crescent moon. Sometimes, the moon does not appear soon on the 29th day of a previous lunar month due to the clouds or sky brightness during the moon set.
EID-UL-FITR (RAMZAN ID) HISTORY
According to the Islam, it is considered that a great spiritualist Mohammed was blessed by the God (Angel Gabriel) through the divine knowledge in the month of Ramadan. So, the Eid-ul-Fitr festival is celebrated by the every person of the Muslim religion in order to pay tribute to the God blessings paid to the Mohammed during the observance of Ramadan. Prophet Mohammed had passed his divine knowledge to his next generations and followers which people celebrate by making fast and holy prayers throughout the Ramadan and break their fast at the end of the month by eating delicious foods. They become spiritually devoted to the God for the whole month through worship, offerings, and prayers. Eid-al-Fitr festival is celebrated to commemorate an Islamic prophet Muhammad and his attainments by the God by breaking fast after a long period of fasting on the 1st day of Shawwal month and end of Ramadan month. According to the culture and traditions in Islam, it is considered that this festival was first started in the Madinah when Prophet Muhammad had migrated here from Mecca. He reached to the Madinah and told people that two festivals have been fixed by the Allah for you knew as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Since then, both of the festivals have been marked as the holy occasions in Islam for paying the gratefulness towards God and remember Him.
EID-UL-FITR (RAMZAN ID) CELEBRATION
Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated by the people of Islam religion with great enthusiasm, joy, and faith towards God. They organize a variety of activities and events in order to get together with family members and neighbors to celebrate their most important and religious festival. It starts on the 1st day of the Shawwal month during which people attend the communal prayers, listens to a holy sermon and does lots of offerings to the poor people of a community. They organize communal meals to get together, wear new clothes, hug to family members, distribute invitation cards and sweets including small toys to the children. They involve in the prayer meetings, marches, parades, and so many activities.
SIGNIFICANCE AND RITUAL OF ID UL-FITR
They wake up in the early morning before the sunrise and offer Salatul Fajr means pre-sunrise prayer, brush their teeth, take bath, wear new clothes, apply perfume and go again for special Eid prayer. They celebrate this festival to pay tribute to the blessings of God, reveal happiness, do charity work, read takbirat in open and large field and etc. People chants following during their Eid prayer “Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar. Lā ilāha illà l-Lāh wall-Lāhu Akbar, Allahu akbar will-Lāhi l-hand”. They do prayer in an open field by getting together in the community centers or at mosques. In most of the region of India, it is celebrated using the same ritual. A night prior to the Eid is called as the “Chaand Ki Raat” means “Night of the Moon”.They prepare special dishes like Lachcha, sivayyan, sweets, sweet vermicelli with milk, dried fruit decoration, akhrot ka halwa, ice-cream fruit custard, mutton rice, malpua, Kashmiri biryani, kofta curry, Sheer Korma, badam phirni, Kathi kebab, Murg adraki, chicken wings, kebabs, tikkas and many more.