Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is a festival celebrated by Sikhs across the world. The day marks the birthday of the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, who was also one of the most celebrated Sikh Gurus. Guru Gobind Singh was a spiritual master, warrior, philosopher, and poet. Due to his huge contribution to Sikhism, he is considered as the eternal guru by many of his followers. On this auspicious day, Sikhs remember their great guru by praying for their near and dear one's prosperity and listening to Gobind Singh's poetry. Like most festivals, special delicacies are also prepared on this day.
History Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti
Gobind Singh’s father Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth guru of the Sikhs. He was killed for refusing to convert to Islam and so Guru Tegh Bahadur is considered as a martyr for religious freedom. After his death, Gobind Singh was made the tenth guru of the Sikhs at a tender age. He formed his own army of warriors, who were baptized and adopted sainthood, and fought to protect their people from being oppressed by other rulers. Guru Gobind Singh and his Khalsa army inspired Sikh devotees to fight the Mughal rulers for their religious freedom and political liberty.
Importance and Significance
The tenth guru ji's teachings are believed to have a big impact on the Sikhs. It was in fact under his guidance and inspiration that the Khalsa followed a strict moral code and spiritual inclination. The warrior, spiritual master, writer and philosopher, Guru Gobind Singh has also penned many literary works. In 1708, before his death, the tenth guru declared Sikhism's Holy Scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib as the permanent Sikh Guru.
Celebrations and Traditional Foods
People following Sikhism remember their tenth on Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti. At some places, processions are held and people sing devotional songs or listen to poetry written by their guru. During the procession, delicious sweets and cold drink or sharbat are also shared among children and adults. Special prayer gatherings are also held at the Gurudwaras, which are lit and decorated on this special day, to remember Guru Gobind Singh and his teachings on his birthday. Many special dishes are prepared on this day, which is unique to this festival. The Gurudwaras prepare food for people paying their respect on this day, irrespective of one's religion or caste. The devotees get together and recite the Guru Granth Sahib before serving food to all. Local delicacies including a dish made of tamarind rice dish called Puligore, Holige- a sweet bread along with Ugadi Pachadi- sweet and sour chutney are prepared on this day. Numerous devotees and other visitors are treated to delicious langar meals, which also include the sweet Kadha Prasad, made from semolina, whole wheat flour, ghee (clarified butter) and sugar.
What's Open or Closed?
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is a restricted holiday so government institutions and offices remain open as well as businesses, banks, and public transportation services. These openings depend on where one lives and the services' proximity to the festivities. Some schools remain open, depending on their religious observance.