Natural museums of natural history and natural science

The museums of natural science as well as natural science focus on the natural world. Their collections could include specimens of birds insects,

Natural museums of natural history and natural science

The museums of natural science as well as natural science focus on the natural world. Their collections could include specimens of birds insects, mammals and minerals, as well as rocks and fossils. The museums' origins are in the collections of curiosities that were curated by famous people throughout Europe during the Enlightenment and Renaissance. The natural world's specimens were also featured (albeit within an comprehensive collection) in a few of the first museums: The Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, England as well as The British Museum in London, and the National Museum of Natural History in Paris. In the course of the growth of the natural sciences during the nineteenth century, the number of museums featuring items from the natural world prospered, and the number of them increased. Within the United States and Latin America their collections typically included items that dealt with social and physical anthropology and scientific research. Later, museums of natural science have responded to changes in conservation of nature and other environmental concerns. There are established programs to record biodiversity data for the areas they cover, to assist with the planning of environmental issues (often together with local authorities for planning) and provide data that aids when interpreting displays on ecology.

Major museums, including The Natural History Museum in London The Smithsonian Institute's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., and the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, hold massive collections of comparatives from all over the world, including the types of specimens of species that have been identified. These museums are world-class centers of taxonomic research, and they support significant research programs.

Museums of science and technology

Science and technology museums are focused on the creation and application of scientific concepts and instruments. Similar to museums of natural science or natural science, museums of science are rooted within the Enlightenment. They were a part of museums of learning societies and while others came are private collections, such as the Teylers Museum in Haarlem, Netherlands, in the 18th century. The next phase of development for science museums was the application of science. As a result, museums started to preserve the tangible evidence of technological and scientific endeavor. Certain science and technology museums are focused on demonstrating the science of today and its applications. In these museums, the preservation of processes is the primary concern above the protection of the objects.

Science museums are a favorite with kids as well as adults, and frequently offer visitors with the chance to engage in interactive models and interactive exhibits. The most well-known examples are the Deutsches Museum in Munich, the Science Museum in London, and (of an even more specific kind) the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C. Other specific institutions include transportation museums including those at the National Railway Museum in York, England, or the Swiss Transport Museum on the shores of Lake Lucerne. The most recent additions are museums for industrial use that often have an extensive technical component.

Museums dedicated to contemporary science, like museums dedicated to modern science, such as the Palace of Discovery located in Paris offer demonstrations of the scientific theories. In India where museums of technology and science are considered to play an important role to play in the field of education and research, there is a National Council for Science Museums has created an extensive network of these museums across the nation. They also have science centers in which science is showcased, however, there isn't typically a requirement to collect and preserve the historical equipment. The pioneer in this field can be found in Ontario Science Centre. Ontario Science Centre in Toronto.

Certain science and technology museum like the well-known Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago or the Technological Museum in Mexico City are more technological character. They are usually funded either directly or indirectly by companies, who occasionally established their own museums in the hope of preserving their history and to promote their work. Museums also highlight a particular product created by the use of technology and science, like for instance the American Clock & Watch Museum located in Bristol, Connecticut.

Museums of the past

The word History museum It is typically used to describe many museums, where collections are accumulated and, most of the time they are arranged to provide an overview of the past. Due to the vast nature of the past museums of this sort might contain numerous artifacts or science and could better be referred to as general museums ( Check out above General museums).

Museums that focus on specialized specific aspects of the past can be located at the provincial, national or local levels, and museums dealing with general history are not found in the nation-wide level. One instance of this can be found in that of the National Museum of History in Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City. The other national museums of history are particularly prevalent in the states that are more recent, and where they've been utilized to raise the national spirit and providing historical context. At the regional and local scale, there are a variety of examples, among them are the Museum of London and the cities museums in Amsterdam, Dresden, Luxembourg, New York City, Stockholm and Warsaw are only a handful of. In many cases, when artifacts aren't accessible or have been deemed inappropriate curators will use models, reconstructions, or images, often using multimedia techniques to ensure the chronology and improve the possibility of interpretation in their didactic style.

While museums of history may contain archaeological materials, there is an additional type of museum which focuses on it that is the museum of antiquities. The collection of objects from the past are found in museums that are national in various cities like, Amman, Jordan; Athens; Cairo; Copenhagen; Edinburgh; Madrid; and Mexico City. The museum of antiquities is frequent across Europe as well as Asia. The archaeology museums can be found in regions of high antiquity, or in on-site museums. The archaeology museum deals primarily with archaeological evidence from the earth and often gives information about a time period to which the written record could provide little or no information.

A different type of museum of history collects and displays items from an ethnographic perspective. Like the name implies, the focus is on the culture, not the chronology when it comes to the presentation of the collection. An excellent example can be seen in the Smithsonian Institute's National Museum of the American Indian located in Washington, D.C. It was first opened in 2004 it was described as a singular institution which would be the only museum in which the culture of native peoples of all the Americas--North Central and South -- would be studied, analysed and celebrated for the general public in a manner that was unrivalled by other museums dedicated exclusively to Native American. The ethnography museums are particularly crucial to the emerging nations that are located in Africa and Oceania in that they are considered the best way to contribute to the unity of various cultures. Within the industrialized nations and especially in those that have been colonized in the past, the ethnography museum was a place to study the different cultures of the people. The majority of these establishments were set up in capital cities, that at the time of colonization, were portals to an area that was otherwise obscure. This is how the Musee de L'Homme (Museum of Man) in Paris and the huge ethnographic collection of the British Museum in London, and the Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Royal Tropical Institute) in Amsterdam. The reorganization of these collections in the 20th and early 21st century, however, suggested attempts to break away of the dichotomy between self and other associated with colonialism. Museums of ethnography are also located in the cities of provincial towns. They usually arise from personal connections, such as The Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford or due to trade connections, like those of the Overseas Museum in Bremen, Germany or Bremen, Germany. Or National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool, England. These two examples resulted from the proximity to an important international port.

There are many other types of museums of cultural history are also available. The most popular are those that deal with the preservation of rural and urban practices; they have multiplied in size in line with technological advancement. Some museum are engaged in the documentation of diverse aspects of contemporary life, as well as the selective collection of objects of art. The concept was first introduced in Sweden and in 1873 Artur Hazelius established the first museum dedicated to traditional lifestyles at the Nordic Museum in Stockholm. It was then followed by the first museum open to the public located in Skansen. Museums of both kinds soon became available in different nations. The first National Museum of Popular Arts and Traditions in Paris demonstrated a national orientation inside a museum. The museum's closing in 2005 suggested new trends in an age of growing globalization. Its Museum of Civilizations from Europe and the Mediterranean (Mucem) was a fusion of the collection of the former museum and was established the doors in Marseilles, France, in 2013. It was aspired to offer the regional, as opposed to a national approach to the history of culture. The museums that are outdoor and preserve the traditional structures, often on site, and usually depicting the various activities that go along with it, can be found throughout the world. around the globe, such as in the National Museum of Niamey, Niger and The Museum of Traditional Architecture in Jos, Nigeria; the National Village Museum in Bucharest, Romania; Upper Canada Village in Morrisburg, Ontario; Colonial Williamsburg in Virginia, U.S.; and the Novgorod State Museum Preserve in Russia.

Historic homes are preserved as museums in some instances due to their typical of the time and in others due to their connection with. The latter include memorial museums, like the home in Du Fu at Chengdu in the Chinese province of Sichuan as well as Sichuan's Leo Tolstoy Museum in Moscow; Mount Vernon, George Washington's residence in Virginia and Paul Gauguin's home in Tahiti and is which is now in the Paul Gauguin museum.

Some museums honor certain events, such as museums like the Australian War Memorial in Canberra as well as the Imperial War Museum in London They are both museums that are military in nature, and belong to an area that was established following World War I. Another innovation in the 20th century museums of history was that of the maritime. As with other types of museums, it could be located in historical buildings like the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich, England; in new facilities, such as for instance Bremerhaven, Germany; German Shipping Museum at Bremerhaven or within a renovated waterfront area, like South Street, New York City.

Another kind of history museums is the portrait gallery in which photographs are collected and displayed, not to impress but to convey the actual images of people. The concept of a gallery for portraits is old-fashioned, a huge assortment of images of monarchs of France as well as their statemen was displayed in Paul Ardier's gallery in the Chateau of Beauregard near Blois around 1620 for instance, the national portrait gallery, as a public institution is a more recent development. Similar to this paintings and prints of individuals, as well with images of events and places frequently form an important component in other kinds of historical museums.

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